Small reactor power systems for manned planetary surface bases

Cover of: Small reactor power systems for manned planetary surface bases |

Published by National Aeronautics and Space Administration, For sale by the National Technical Information Service in [Washington, D.C.], [Springfield, Va .

Written in English

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  • Extraterrestrial bases.,
  • Nuclear reactors.

Edition Notes

Book details

StatementHarvey S. Bloomfield.
SeriesNASA technical memorandum -- 100223.
ContributionsUnited States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
The Physical Object
Pagination1 v.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14661743M

Download Small reactor power systems for manned planetary surface bases

A preliminary feasibility study of the potential application of small nuclear reactor space power systems to manned planetary surface base missions was conducted.

The purpose of the study was to identify and assess the technology, performance, and safety issues associated with integration of reactor power systems with an evolutionary manned planetary surface exploration by: 1.

The manned mission is seen as a first step towards a Mars surface exploration base-station and, later, establishing permanent settlement. The location and use of Mars’s natural resources is vital to enable cost-effective long-duration human exploration and exploitation missions. Small reactor power systems for manned planetary surface bases.

Technical Report Bloomfield, H S. A preliminary feasibility study of the potential application of small nuclear reactor space power systems to manned planetary surface base missions was conducted. The purpose of the study was to identify and assess the technology, performance, and. El-Genk, M. S, "Space Nuclear Reactor Power System Concepts with Static and Dynamic Energy Conversion".

Energy Conversion and Management Special Issue on Space Nuclear Power and Propulsion, 49(3),El-Genk, M. S., "Space Reactor Power Systems with No Single Point Failures". Nuclear Engineering and Design, (9), A conceptual design is presented for a nuclear power system utilizing an SP reactor and multiple Stirling cycle engines for operation on the lunar surface.

defense community and NASA. The U.S. Air Force and Navy are looking for nuclear power in the 10 to kW electric range for space and undersea applications. NASA has desired nuclear power in the kW range for applications involving space propulsion and planetary surface power.

This talk will focus on the design of the small 1 kW reactor. The reactor design was optimized over the following criteria: small mass and size, controllability, launchability/accident safety, and high reliability. The Martian Surface Reactor was comprised of four main systems: the core, power conversion system, radiator and shielding.

The core produces MW[subscript th] and operates in a fast spectrum. Reactor power systems for planetary surface outposts and bases were evaluated from 10 to kilowatts. to provide electrical power for a manned Mars base. The reactor. following criteria: small mass and size, controllability, launchability/accident safety, and high reliability.

The Martian Surface Reactor was comprised of four main systems: the core, power conversion system, radiator and shielding. The core produces MWth and operates in a fast spectrum. Li heat pipes cool the core. The low-mass Sectored Compact Reactor (SCoRe-S) (Hatton and El-Genk, ), the Heatpipe Power System (HPS) for Mars outpost and maimed Mars missions (Poston et.

al., ), and the Heatpipe. The SUSEE space reactor system uses existing nuclear fuels and the standard steam cycle to generate electrical and thermal power for a wide range of in‐space and surface applications, including. The great mass of these systems will hinder a manned mission from obtaining a reasonable mobility over a planetary surface.

For planetary exploration, small wheeled vehicles driven by batteries or. 1. Introduction. Heat pipe cooled reactors (HPR) are a new type nuclear reactor system designed mainly for non-commercial application fields, for example, in deep space exploration, planetary surface power plants, remote off-network areas, and even military bases.

Their small volume and weight also ensures that these systems are factory manufacturable and transportable. Until now, micro reactors are mostly designed for non-commercial, including deep space power, planetary surface power, military bases, disaster relief, and so on.

Colonization of the Moon is a concept employed by some proposals of establishing permanent human settlement or robotic presence on the Moon, the closest astronomical body to Earth.

For a first permanent human space colony the choice of the Moon would benefit from its proximity to Earth. One proposed purpose of a Moon settlement is tourism on the Moon in the near future by private space.

The Small Reactor is an essential block in Space Engineers. It produces electrical power which is needed to operate most blocks. Solar Panels and Wind Turbines are other possible sources of energy.

It is important to note that this article discusses two reactor variants: Small Reactors for Large Ships (m x m x m) and Small Reactors for Small Ships (m x m x m). Small modular reactors (SMRs) are a type of nuclear fission reactor which are smaller than conventional reactors.

This allows them to be manufactured at a plant and brought to a site to be assembled. Modular reactors allow for less on-site construction, increased containment efficiency, and enhanced safety due to passive nuclear safety features.

SMRs have been proposed as a way to. Small and medium-sized or modular reactors are an option to fulfil the need for flexible power generation for a wider range of users and applications.

Small modular reactors, deployable either as single or multi-module plant, offer the possibility to combine nuclear with alternative energy sources, including renewables.

Technical Report: A kWe gas-cooled reactor for use on Mars. This report presents the results of an extensive analysis of the economics of both gigawatt-scale and small modular reactors. Topics covered include the safety case, economics, the business case, and a business plan, government incentives, licensing, design and engineering, and future research.

Near-term, low-cost space fission power systems can enhance the feasibility and utility of lunar and planetary bases. One such system, the Heatpipe Power System (HPS), is described in this paper. The HPS draws on 40 yr of United States and international experience to enable a system that can be developed in e5 yr at a cost of e$M.

Total HPS. Good Things Come in Small Reactors. Small reactors supply power reliably regardless of weather conditions, are resilient to security threats and have enhanced safety features.

Micro-reactors, SMRs that provide only a few megawatts, could bring electricity to remote communities, mining or military bases. Starting in the s, a number of civilian small reactors were proposed in the United States, and eventually 17 reactors with power outputs of less than MW were commissioned.

None of them are. In addition to powering activities on the surface of the moon and Mars, the agency also hopes Kilopower systems could power robots as they explore the outer planets and their moons, or even take a.

Surface roughness of the as-grown 50 μm-thick epitaxial layer has an RMS value of nm with one step bunching on the 20×20 μm 2 areas. This initial effort on thick 4H-SiC homoepitaxial growth indicates that this comercial multi-wafer planetary reactor has the potential for mass production of SiC epiwafers for V and above power devices.

The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) phase 1 review approval of a small nuclear reactor (SMR) design from Portland, Oregon-based NuScale Power. NuScale’s SMR is the most resilient and reliable of any energy source, with Black-Start Capability, Island Mode and First Responder Power, not needing external grid connections, capable of.

Systems and technologies to mitigate planetary surface environments dust accumulation, wind, planetary atmospheres, (CO2, corrosive agents, etc.); Power system design considerations for long life (> 10 years), autonomous control, and operation; and; Radiation tolerant systems and materials.

In the s, the Air Force evaluated the use of small nuclear power reactors at bases to provide reliable electrical power to its facilities to counter threats to the electric grid from sabotage. The use of these higher power reactors is for terrestrial applications, such as power in remote locations, or to power larger human planetary colonies.

The MegaPower reactor concept produces approximately two megawatts of electric power. The reactor would be attached to an open air Brayton cycle power conversion system. WASHINGTON, D.C.///August 8, ///A shift to “small modular reactors” (SMRs) is unlikely to breathe new life into the increasingly moribund U.S.

nuclear power industry, since SMRs will likely require tens of billions of dollars in federal subsidies or government purchase orders, create new reliability vulnerabilities, as well as serious. The new nuclear power system is part of a NASA project started incalled Fission Surface Power, that is examining small reactors designed for use on other planets.

While nuclear power remains controversial, the researchers say that the reactor would be designed to be completely safe and would be buried a safe distance from the astronauts.

The U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Scientific and Technical Information. Enter Kilopower, a small nuclear reactor designed at Los Alamos National Laboratory in conjunction with NASA that the agency hopes will one day power a colony on Mars, the moon or beyond.

Nuclear power in space is the use of nuclear power in outer space, typically either small fission systems or radioactive decay for electricity or heat. Another use is for scientific observation, as in a Mössbauer most common type is a radioisotope thermoelectric generator, which has been used on many space probes and on crewed lunar missions.

tritium for the first generation thermonuclear power systems). Figure 2 depicts a proposed one-gigawatt-electric class NPS based upon an advanced gas core fission reactor. [5,8,16] In the system shown, the gas core reactor is actually dwarfed by its thermal radiator subsystem (each panel is.

Find link is a tool written by Edward Betts. Longer titles found: Planetary surface construction () searching for Planetary surface found ( total) alternate case: planetary surface Impact structure ( words) exact match in snippet view article find links to article structure of deformed bedrock or sediment produced by impact on a planetary surface, whatever the stage of erosion of.

A small nuclear reactor might sound like overkill, but it has all the properties necessary for powering a human habitat on another planet. They produce a lot of power relative to their size and.

Nuclear reactor power systems can support human exploration at surface outposts and onboard spacecraft. A nuclear reactor on the surface of the Moon or Mars can be a source of reliable power to provide life support, to replenish fuel cells for mobile systems, and to supply the large power demands of facilities processing materials.

A planetary base is sort of like a space station on the surface of a planet or moon. The base has a focus on supporting some particular endeavour, such as a Mars Exploration mission, a military base, a planetary defense fortress, a military observation post, a military picket along the neutral zone, a trading post or "factory", a mining operation, the interstellar equivalent of a lighthouse.

Lower thermal power of the reactor core, compact architecture and employment of passive concepts have the potential for enhanced safety and security compared to earlier designs and large commercial reactors.

The passive safety systems are very important safety feature in the SMR. Therefore there is less reliance on active safety systems and additional pumps, as well as AC power for accident.Nuclear reactor power plants will be needed for missions such as extended lunar base operations, manned interplanetary flights, or electric propulsion.

Preliminary design efforts include the SNAP-8 system (35 kilowatts) and higher-power systems such as the SNAP ( kilowatts) system.power levels of Wand below.

Use of these power systems could be extended to power levels of l or 2 kWeusing a dynamic energy conversion system (such systems are presently under study). RTG'sare an attractive power system for space exploration, rovers, and remote bases requiring relatively small power .

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